Lessons in trombone, double bass and violin during childhood and youth.
Apprenticeship and journeyman's years in Leipzig.
Apart from building bowed stringed instruments, repairs on instruments of members of the Leipziger Gewandhaus, the Dresden State Orchestra, the Radio Symphony Orchestra of Berlin and Leipzig, the Berlin State Opera Unter den Linden.
Work as journeyman and master in a Franconian violin and guitar building firm with repairs on, e.g., instruments of soloists from the major Franconian orchestras.
1993: examination for Master Craftsman's Certificate in Markneukirchen.